## LaTeX Math Symbols

### Prepared by L. Kocbach, on the basis of this document (origin: David Carlisle, Manchester University)

File A.tex contains all necessary code
This file is prepared by running
latex A.tex
and cutting the pictures out of the resulting preview. Relevant parts of the latex code are reproduced under each of the pictures.
Some of the symbols have an explanatory text. This text is found in the latex code, mostly stating that they are parts of some spacial setup and cannot be used in standard LaTeX. Each of the figures also has a link to itself.

## Greek Letters

t1.gif
\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*8l}
\X\alpha        &\X\theta       &\X o           &\X\tau         \\
\X\beta         &\X\vartheta    &\X\pi          &\X\upsilon     \\
\X\gamma        &\X\gamma       &\X\varpi       &\X\phi         \\
\X\delta        &\X\kappa       &\X\rho         &\X\varphi      \\
\X\epsilon      &\X\lambda      &\X\varrho      &\X\chi         \\
\X\varepsilon   &\X\mu          &\X\sigma       &\X\psi         \\
\X\zeta         &\X\nu          &\X\varsigma    &\X\omega       \\
\X\eta          &\X\xi                                          \\
\\
\X\Gamma        &\X\Lambda      &\X\Sigma       &\X\Psi         \\
\X\Delta        &\X\Xi          &\X\Upsilon     &\X\Omega       \\
\X\Theta        &\X\Pi          &\X\Phi
\end{tabular}
\caption{Greek Letters}\label{greek}
\end{table}



## Binary Operation Symbols

t2.gif
\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*8l}
\X\pm           &\X\cap         &\X\diamond             &\X\oplus     \\
\X\mp           &\X\cup         &\X\bigtriangleup       &\X\ominus    \\
\X\times        &\X\uplus       &\X\bigtriangledown     &\X\otimes    \\
\X\div          &\X\sqcap       &\X\triangleleft        &\X\oslash    \\
\X\ast          &\X\sqcup       &\X\triangleright       &\X\odot      \\
\X\star         &\X\vee         &\X\lhd$^b$             &\X\bigcirc   \\
\X\circ         &\X\wedge       &\X\rhd$^b$             &\X\dagger    \\
\X\bullet       &\X\setminus    &\X\unlhd$^b$           &\X\ddagger   \\
\X\cdot         &\X\wr          &\X\unrhd$^b$           &\X\amalg     \\
\X+             &\X-
\end{tabular}

$^b$ Not predefined in a format based on {\tt basefont.tex}.
Use one of the style options\\
{\tt oldlfont}, {\tt newlfont}, {\tt amsfonts} or {\tt amssymb}.

\caption{Binary Operation Symbols}\label{bin}
\end{table}


## Relation Symbols

t3.gif

\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*8l}
\X\leq          &\X\geq         &\X\equiv       &\X\models      \\
\X\prec         &\X\succ        &\X\sim         &\X\perp        \\
\X\preceq       &\X\succeq      &\X\simeq       &\X\mid         \\
\X\ll           &\X\gg          &\X\asymp       &\X\parallel    \\
\X\subset       &\X\supset      &\X\approx      &\X\bowtie      \\
\X\subseteq     &\X\supseteq    &\X\cong        &\X\Join$^b$    \\
\X\sqsubset$^b$ &\X\sqsupset$^b$&\X\neq         &\X\smile       \\
\X\sqsubseteq   &\X\sqsupseteq  &\X\doteq       &\X\frown       \\
\X\in           &\X\ni          &\X\propto      &\X=            \\
\X\vdash        &\X\dashv       &\X<            &\X>            \\
\X:
\end{tabular}

$^b$ Not predefined in a format based on {\tt basefont.tex}.
Use one of the style options\\
{\tt oldlfont}, {\tt newlfont}, {\tt amsfonts} or {\tt amssymb}.

\caption{Relation Symbols}\label{rel}
\end{table}


## Punctuation Symbols

t4.gif

\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*{5}{lp{3.2em}}}
\X,     &\X;    &\X\colon       &\X\ldotp       &\X\cdotp
\end{tabular}
\caption{Punctuation Symbols}\label{punct}
\end{table}


## Arrow Symbols

t5.gif

\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*6l}
\X\leftarrow            &\X\longleftarrow       &\X\uparrow     \\
\X\Leftarrow            &\X\Longleftarrow       &\X\Uparrow     \\
\X\rightarrow           &\X\longrightarrow      &\X\downarrow   \\
\X\Rightarrow           &\X\Longrightarrow      &\X\Downarrow   \\
\X\leftrightarrow       &\X\longleftrightarrow  &\X\updownarrow \\
\X\Leftrightarrow       &\X\Longleftrightarrow  &\X\Updownarrow \\
\X\mapsto               &\X\longmapsto          &\X\nearrow     \\
\X\hookleftarrow        &\X\hookrightarrow      &\X\searrow     \\
\X\leftharpoonup        &\X\rightharpoonup      &\X\swarrow     \\
\X\leftharpoondown      &\X\rightharpoondown    &\X\nwarrow     \\
\X\rightleftharpoons    &\X\leadsto$^b$
\end{tabular}

$^b$ Not predefined in a format based on {\tt basefont.tex}.
Use one of the style options\\
{\tt oldlfont}, {\tt newlfont}, {\tt amsfonts} or {\tt amssymb}.

\caption{Arrow Symbols}
\end{table}


## Miscellaneous Symbols

t6.gif
\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*8l}
\X\ldots        &\X\cdots       &\X\vdots       &\X\ddots       \\
\X\aleph        &\X\prime       &\X\forall      &\X\infty       \\
\X\hbar         &\X\emptyset    &\X\exists      &\X\Box$^b$     \\
\X\imath        &\X\nabla       &\X\neg         &\X\Diamond$^b$ \\
\X\jmath        &\X\surd        &\X\flat        &\X\triangle    \\
\X\ell          &\X\top         &\X\natural     &\X\clubsuit    \\
\X\wp           &\X\bot         &\X\sharp       &\X\diamondsuit \\
\X\Re           &\X\|           &\X\backslash   &\X\heartsuit   \\
\X\mho$^b$      &\X.            &\X|
\end{tabular}

$^b$ Not predefined in a format based on {\tt basefont.tex}.
Use one of the style options\\
{\tt oldlfont}, {\tt newlfont}, {\tt amsfonts} or {\tt amssymb}.

\caption{Miscellaneous Symbols}\label{ord}
\end{table}


## Variable-sized Symbols

t7.gif

\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*6l}
\X\sum          &\X\bigcap      &\X\bigodot     \\
\X\prod         &\X\bigcup      &\X\bigotimes   \\
\X\coprod       &\X\bigsqcup    &\X\bigoplus    \\
\X\int          &\X\bigvee      &\X\biguplus    \\
\X\oint         &\X\bigwedge
\end{tabular}
\caption{Variable-sized  Symbols}\label{op}
\end{table}


## Log-like Symbols

t8.gif

\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*8l}
\Z\arccos &\Z\cos  &\Z\csc &\Z\exp &
\Z\ker    &\Z\limsup &\Z\min &\Z\sinh \\
\Z\arcsin &\Z\cosh &\Z\deg &\Z\gcd &
\Z\lg     &\Z\ln     &\Z\Pr  &\Z\sup  \\
\Z\arctan &\Z\cot  &\Z\det &\Z\hom &
\Z\lim    &\Z\log    &\Z\sec &\Z\tan  \\
\Z\arg    &\Z\coth &\Z\dim &\Z\inf &
\Z\liminf &\Z\max    &\Z\sin &\Z\tanh
\end{tabular}
\caption{Log-like Symbols}\label{log}
\end{table}


## Delimiters

t9.gif

\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*8l}
\X(             &\X)            &\X\uparrow     &\X\Uparrow     \\
\X[             &\X]            &\X\downarrow   &\X\Downarrow   \\
\X\{            &\X\}           &\X\updownarrow &\X\Updownarrow \\
\X\lfloor       &\X\rfloor      &\X\lceil       &\X\rceil       \\
\X\langle       &\X\rangle      &\X/            &\X\backslash   \\
\X|             &\X\|
\end{tabular}
\caption{Delimiters\label{dels}}
\end{table}


## Large Delimiters

t10.gif
\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*8l}
\Y\rmoustache&  \Y\lmoustache&  \Y\rgroup&      \Y\lgroup\\[5pt]
\Y\arrowvert&   \Y\Arrowvert&   \Y\bracevert
\end{tabular}
\caption{Large Delimiters\label{ldels}}
\end{table}


## Math mode accents

t11.gif

\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*{10}l}
\W\hat{a}     &\W\acute{a}  &\W\bar{a}    &\W\dot{a}    &\W\breve{a}\\
\W\check{a}   &\W\grave{a}  &\W\vec{a}    &\W\ddot{a}   &\W\tilde{a}\\
\end{tabular}
\caption{Math mode accents}\label{accent}
\end{table}
\begin{table}


## Some other constructions

t12.gif
\begin{table}
\begin{tabular}{*4l}
\W\widetilde{abc}       &\W\widehat{abc}                        \\
\W\overleftarrow{abc}   &\W\overrightarrow{abc}                 \\
\W\overline{abc}        &\W\underline{abc}                      \\
\W\overbrace{abc}       &\W\underbrace{abc}                     \\[5pt]
\W\sqrt{abc}            &$\sqrt[n]{abc}$&\verb|\sqrt[n]{abc}|   \\
$f'$&\verb|f'|          &$\frac{abc}{xyz}$&\verb|\frac{abc}{xyz}|
\end{tabular}
\caption{Some other constructions}\label{other}
\end{table}