test(1)								      test(1)



NAME
  test, [  - Evaluates conditional expressions

SYNOPSIS

  test expression

  [ expression ]

DESCRIPTION

  The test command evaluates an expression constructed of functions and
  operators.  If the value of expression is true, test returns an exit value
  of 0 (zero); otherwise, it returns a nonzero (false) exit value.  The test
  command also returns a nonzero exit value if there are no arguments.

  The alternate form of the command surrounds expression with [ ] (brackets).
  When you use this form, you must surround the brackets with spaces.

  The test Expressions

  All of the listed functions and operators are separate arguments to test.

  The following functions are used to construct expression:

  -r file
      TRUE if file exists and has read permission.

  -w file
      TRUE if file exists and has write permission.

  -x file
      TRUE if file exists and has execute permission.

  -f file
      TRUE if file exists and is a regular file.

  -d file
      TRUE if file exists and is a directory.

  -e file
      TRUE if file exists.

  -c file
      TRUE if file exists and is a character-special file.

  -b file
      TRUE if file exists and is a block-special file.

  -p file
      TRUE if file exists and is a named pipe (FIFO).

  -h file
      TRUE if file exists and is a soft link.  Synonym for -L.

  -L file
      TRUE if file exists and is a soft link.  Synonym for -h.

  -u file
      TRUE if file exists and its set-user ID bit is set.

  -g file
      TRUE if file exists and its set-group ID bit is set.

  -k file
      TRUE if file exists and its sticky bit is set.

  -s file
      TRUE if file exists and has a size greater than 0 (zero).

  -t [file_descriptor]
      TRUE if the open file with file descriptor number file_descriptor (1 by
      default) is associated with a terminal device.

  -z string1
      TRUE if the length of string1 is 0 (zero).

  -n string1
      TRUE if the length of string1 is nonzero.

  string1 = string2
      TRUE if string1 and string2 are identical.

  string1 != string2
      TRUE if string1 and string2 are not identical.

  string1
      TRUE if string1 is not the null string.

  number1 -eq number2
      TRUE if the integers number1 and number2 are algebraically equal.	 Any
      of the comparisons -ne, -gt, -ge, -lt, and -le can be used in place of
      -eq.

  The listed functions can be combined with the following operators:

  !   Unary negation operator.

  -a  Binary AND operator.

  -o  Binary OR operator (-a has higher precedence than -o).

  \( expression \)
      Parentheses for grouping.

EXAMPLES

   1.  To test whether a file exists and is not empty, enter:
	    if test ! -s "$1"
	    then
		    echo $1 does not exist or is empty.
	    fi


       If the file specified by the first positional parameter to the shell
       procedure does not exist, this displays an error message.  If $1
       exists, it displays nothing.  Note that there must be a space between
       -s and the filename.

       The double quotes around $1 ensure that the test will work properly
       even if the value of $1 is the empty string.  If the double quotes are
       omitted and $1 is the empty string, test displays the error message
       test: parameter expected.

   2.  To do a complex comparison, enter:
	    if [ $# -lt 2  -o  ! -s "$1" ]
	    then
		    exit
	    fi


       If the shell procedure was given fewer than two positional parameters
       or the file specified by $1 does not exist, then this exits the shell
       procedure.  The special shell variable $# represents the number of
       positional parameters entered on the command line that started this
       shell procedure.

EXIT VALUES

  The test command evaluates expression and, if its value is TRUE, returns an
  exit value of 0; otherwise, it returns a nonzero (FALSE) exit value; the
  test command also returns a nonzero exit value if there are no arguments.

RELATED INFORMATION

  Commands:  csh(1), find(1), ksh(1), sh(1).