lpq(1)								       lpq(1)



NAME
  lpq - Examines the spool queues.

SYNOPSIS

  lpq [+][number] [-l] [-Pprinter] [request-ID ...] [user ...]

FLAGS

  -l  Displays information about each of the files comprising the printer
      request.

  -Pprinter
      Specifying printer displays requests queued for that printer only.

  +[number]
      Displays the spool queue until it empties.  Sleeps number seconds
      between scans of the queue if number is specified.

DESCRIPTION

  The lpq command examines the spooling area used by lpd for printing files
  on the line printer and reports the status of the specified requests or all
  requests associated with a user.

  The lpq command invoked without any arguments reports on any requests
  currently in the queue.  The -P flag can be used to specify a particular
  printer; otherwise, the default line printer is used (or the value of the
  PRINTER environment variable).

  Specifying one or more request-IDs displays only the specified requests.
  Specifying one or more users displays print requests from those users only.

  If you specify the + argument, lpq displays the spool queue until it emp-
  ties.	 Supplying a number immediately after the + argument indicates that
  lpq should sleep number seconds in between scans of the queue.  All other
  arguments supplied are interpreted as user or request-ID arguments to
  display only those requests of interest.

  For each request submitted (that is, each request invoked by lp or lpr),
  lpq reports the user's name, current rank in the queue, the names of files
  comprising the request, the request ID (a number that you can use to iden-
  tify the request to other commands, such as lprm) and the total size of the
  job in bytes.

  The -l flag causes information about each of the files comprising the
  request to be displayed; without it, only as much information as will fit
  on one line is displayed.  Job ordering depends on the algorithm used to
  scan the spooling directory and is supposed to be FIFO (First In First
  Out).	 Filenames comprising a request might be unavailable (when lp or lpr
  is used as a sink in a pipeline), in which case the file is indicated as
  follows:

       standard input

NOTES

  Due to the dynamic nature of the information in the spooling directory, lpq
  might report unreliably.  Output formatting is sensitive to the line length
  of the terminal and can result in widely spaced columns.

EXAMPLES

  To display a request in the print queue, enter:


       lpq -Pprinter1

  This command displays a list similar to the following:

       Mon March 2 15:15:15 1990: printer1 is ready and printing

       Rank    Pri   Owner  Job	   Files	      Total Size
       active	0    rcb    888	   massachusetts      1024 bytes
       1st	0    jmp    110	   berkshire	      2048 bytes

  (Output may be formatted differently on your system.)

  An appropriate message is displayed if the lock file is malformed.

DIAGNOSTICS

  Appropriate diagnostic messages appear under several conditions:

    +  If there is no daemon active, but there are files in the spooling
       directory, the message Warning: no daemon present is displayed.

    +  If the network is unreachable, the message connection to device is
       down is displayed.

    +  If the printcap file is unavailable, the message lpq: device cannot
       open printer description file is displayed.

    +  If the spooling directory is unavailable, the message lpq: device can-
       not chdir to spooling directory is displayed.

FILES

  /usr/share/lib/termcap
	    Manipulates the screen for repeated display.

  /etc/printcap
	    Printer description file.

  /var/spool/*
	    Spool directories.

  /var/spool/*/cf*
	    Daemon control files.

  /var/spool/*/df*
	    Data files specified in cf files.

  /var/spool/*/tf*
	    Temporary copies of cf files.

  /var/spool/*/lock
	    Lock file used to obtain the process ID of the current daemon and
	    the request ID of the currently active request.

RELATED INFORMATION

  Commands: lp(1)/cancel(1), lpc(8), lpd(8), lpr(1), lprm(1), lpstat(1)