PHYS208. (fys208) Faststofffysikk  Solid State Physics
Pensumliste  Requirements for the Exams (Curriculum)
Kurset inngår i "International Master of Science Program". Hvis det er
påmeldt studenter fra dette programmet og hvis det lar seg praktisk
gjennomføre, blir kurset gitt på engelsk. Siden læreboken er
på engelsk og for å unngå unødvendig duplissering, er også
pensumlisten gitt på engelsk.
The course is recommended for the International Master of Science Program.
Therefore, if there are students from this programme, the course will be given in English.
The curriculum of the course is defined by the following list of topics.
These are sufficiently covered by the main recommended book, but some material
might be better covered by the other listed books. In several cases, there
are additional notes. These are slightly modified every year in response
to the new reactions from the participants.
Some details of the curriculum will be specified by additional notes,
which will be distributed during the semester.
For further details: L. Kocbach, room 544, tel. 55 58 28 70,
Email:
ladi@post.ift.uib.no
Free Textbook  added in 2005
Prof. Yuri Galperin's electronic
text (PDF, 4MBytes, full text download)
Textbooks  edited in 1997  prices not updated

Main Recommended Book (New in 1996)
N.W. ASHCROFT and N.D. MERMIN : SOLID STATE PHYSICS
( International Edition, 1995 Price: NOK 235)
This is a standard book e.g. in Utrecht and many other places
Alternative textbook:
G. BURNS : SOLID STATE PHYSICS
( International Edition, 1995 Price ca NOK 290.)
Modern and interesting book. Covers also all the topics
Old Recommended Book (19891994)
P.C. HEMMER : FASTE STOFFERS FYSIKK
( Norwegian, Price ca. NOK 130)
Kan brukes. Er mye mer kompakt, men dekker ikke alle emner.
C. KITTEL : INTRODUCTION TO SOLID STATE PHYSICS
( 6th edition, ca NOK 450)
Most Famous Textbook, used many places; Covers most of the topics, but not
always at the required level. Useful as Reference. Many copies of
older editions are available in the library.
Various notes. In particular on

Notes on Debye model, Einstein Model and Fermi gas model

Fourier method for band structure

Notes on the concept of effective mass

Semiconductors: Detailed treatment of the pn junction

Notes on Ferromagnetism

Notes on Superconductivity
These notes are distributed during the lectures, but can be obtained
from the lecturer at any time.
List of Topics Covered
Introduction

Crystal Structure, Lattice (Gitter in Norw.) vibrations

Crystals as "huge molecules,

Quantum Mechanics.....
The Dynamics of Lattice vibrations, Thermic properties of Solids

Dispersion relations ( and normal modes) for a string

(one dimensional 'crystal')

Heat capacity, Einstein's model,

Heat capacity, Debye's model

Heat conduction

Phonons

Anharmonic Effects, Umklapp process; Thermal Expansion
Electrons in Metals: Classical and Fermi Gas

Classical Gas: Drude's Model: Relation between electic and thermal

Conductivity

Fermi Gas: Fermi Gas Model, Density of States, Fermi Energy

Quantal Theory for Heat capacity of Electrons
Electrons in crystals: Band Theory

Blochs Theorem

Details of Fourier analysis for construction of Bloch States

LCAO

1dimensional models

Weak potential models

Number of states in a band; Metals, Insulators Semiconductors

3dimensional models
Electrons in crystals: Electron Dynamics

Equations of Motion,

Effective Mass; Effective Mass and Density of States
Metals; Fermi Surface

Electron Motion in Magnetic field, Importance of Fermi Surface

Temperature dependence of electric conductivity.

Polycrystalline structure of metals
Semiconductors

Energy Gap; Number of states in a Band

Density of Charge Carrires: Electrons and Holes

Law of Mass Action (massevirkningsloven) Analogy with Chemistry

Impurities; Donors and Acceptors; Impurity states

Mobilities

The physics of the pn junction
Hall Effect

Hall effect in conductors

Hall effect in semiconductors
Magnetic Phenomena

Diamagnetism; Quantal derivation

Paramagnetism; Paramagnetism of Electrons in Metals

Cooperative Magnetism
Ferromagnetism

Heisenberg Ferromagnet

Mean Field Theory: Spontaneous magnetization, Hysteresis
Superconductivity

Basic principles, Meissner Effect

Illustrative Models, Correlated states

Superconductivity and Magnetism; Quantization of magnetic Flux

Type I, Type II and high T superconductors
Details of Crystal Structure

Crystal Symmetry; Unit cells, WignerSeitz; Brillouin; Miller indices

Types of Lattices
Crystal Structure and Xray Diffraction

Braggs Law; von Lau's methods; Ewald's Sphere

Neutron Diffraction

Diffraction: Experimental methods
ladi@post.ift.uib.no
January 15th, 1997; additions January 20th, 2005